Prostatitis is a type of prostatitis, which is mainly diagnosed in people aged 35-45. This disease can only develop in men, because there is no prostate in women. Why does this disease occur, and what factors lead to its development? How to treat prostatitis and what are the risks of complications?

Male prostatitis

Given the disappointing statistics, the incidence of prostatitis is increasing. Today, prostate inflammation affects almost half of the entire male population between the ages of 30 and 70. It should be noted that if the treatment is not appropriate, prostatitis will develop. Failure to seek medical attention can bring complications, including complications: gland abscess or infertility.

The prostate is a round organ located under the bladder and is involved in the formation of sperm (semen). During ejaculation, the muscles of the prostate are contracted to prevent semen from entering the bladder and urine from entering the semen. Glandular dysfunction can cause male infertility.

There are several classifications of prostatitis, please distinguish:

  • Acute inflammation of the prostate;
  • Chronic bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis;
  • Asymptomatic diseases.

Prostatitis is usually accompanied by blisters or urethritis (urethritis).

Acute prostatitis

The acute form of this disease usually occurs spontaneously and is accompanied by many unpleasant symptoms. This situation requires urgent medical attention. Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli and Enterobacter can cause acute inflammatory processes. Some microorganisms are part of the normal flora, but after entering the prostate, they cause the development of tissue inflammation.

There are several types of acute inflammation:

  • catarrhal;
  • substantial;
  • follicular;
  • Organ abscess.

Experienced and qualified physicians can easily diagnose acute prostatitis using modern laboratory examination techniques. Severe symptoms and typical clinical manifestations will make it possible to quickly and correctly diagnose. Comprehensive treatment of acute diseases. Initially, the use of antibiotics will eliminate pathogen infection. In addition, effective treatments will include: drugs to strengthen the immune system, drugs to improve blood circulation in the glands, and physical therapy procedures when necessary. However, the benefits of massage for prostatitis have not been proven.

Chronic bacterial prostatitis

Chronic prostatitis with bacterial etiology is a prostate disease with characteristic symptoms. Symptoms of the disease include pain syndrome, urinary system disease, and psychological discomfort. Changes in the types of inflammation may also occur in biological fluids, including glands, semen, and urine secretions. Chronic bacterial prostatitis always has a pathogen, which is determined by multi-level laboratory testing.

Infectious prostatitis is most often related to Enterobacteriaceae bacteria. The main pathogens of prostatitis are trichomoniasis, urethritis, gonococcus, mycoplasma, chlamydia, and garden bacteria. If a person is infected with HIV, the inflammation may be caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Candida fungus. Other pathogenic microorganisms, including Klebsiella, Proteus and Enterococcus, also cause this disease.

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis may have signs of inflammation or almost no symptoms. Only a qualified urologist can identify the disease and make a diagnosis based on a comprehensive diagnosis of the patient's condition.

Inflammatory prostatitis

Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis with signs of inflammation can be diagnosed based on patient complaints and laboratory test results. In the glands after prostate massage, white blood cell content was found to increase. No pathogenic microorganisms were detected.

Non-inflammatory prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome

If the urologist finds no infection during the diagnosis process, the diagnosis​​ sounds like non-inflammatory prostatitis. In this case, the main symptoms of the disease are persistent/repeated attacks and prolonged pain in the pelvic area. This unpleasant syndrome may interfere for 2-4 months.

Asymptomatic chronic prostatitis

Asymptomatic chronic prostatitis does not actually have any symptoms. There are no obvious symptoms of inflammation of this gland. Doctors can detect problems caused by the periodic or continuous secretion of white blood cells and bacteria in the urine. Treat this disease with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.

As shown in practice, the symptoms of prostate gland inflammation can easily be confused with other pathologies that affect pelvic organs. Self-medication may lead to complications, the development of other diseases or critical conditions.

Causes of male prostatitis

Causes of male prostatitis

It is impossible to talk about the only cause of prostatitis, because this disease is multifactorial and can appear in various situations. Allocating hormone destruction, hypothermia, immune defense, circulatory system diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual abstinence significantly decrease.


Pathogenic microorganisms can enter the prostate during inflammation that occurs in the bladder and urethra. Infections can also invade the prostate due to blood-borne routes, such as from purulent lesions (during tonsillitis, pneumonia, or furanomycosis). Pathogens can be: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus and Enterococcus.

The symptoms of prostatitis are usually caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Inflammation of the prostate occurs due to infection affecting organs and tissues. Herpes virus or mycoplasma infection can not only affect the reproductive system, but can also cause acute prostatitis. Chlamydia is also worth mentioning. Gram-negative intracellular microorganisms account for about 40-60% of all urogenital infections.

The secret of the glands contains bactericidal substances that prevent the development of infections within the organs. In order for the infection to spread and the inflammatory process to occur, other factors are required, including the stagnation of the pelvic circulatory system or the stagnation of glandular secretions.

Hypothermia can significantly reduce the activity of immune cells and the protective function of the mucous membrane, which can be attributed to factors that cause the infection to spread or activate. This also includes physical and neuropsychological overwork, which can negatively affect immunity.


There are several non-infectious causes of prostate tissue inflammation. Since urination is due to the periodic relaxation of the annular muscles of the prostate and bladder, signs of prostatitis may appear due to violation of the mechanism of the entire process of urination. Various violations of this process, including failure related to changes in muscle function (tissue tension and contraction), cause urine to enter the prostate duct. This condition may adversely affect the organs, cause irritation, and therefore cause symptoms of prostatitis.

Unnatural prolongation, interrupted sexual intercourse or prolonged abstinence can also cause symptoms or the development of prostatitis. The stagnation and swelling of the prostate can lead to a secret in the gland, which is fully formed, but not discharged or partially discharged from the organ.

Circulatory system diseases and sedentary lifestyle

Tight underwear, tight belts, tight pants and shorts, and a sedentary lifestyle are usually the causes of circulatory diseases in the pelvic area. The glands are filled with blood and squeeze the blood vessels, causing delays in the transportation of nutrients. This change can cause abnormal glandular function.

Hormonal imbalance

The content of sex hormones plays a special role in the function of the prostate. They can affect the activity of prostate cells. Hormonal overload increases the risk of signs of prostatitis.

The prostate is involved in stabilizing the balance of hormones in the genital area, and impaired organ function can cause dysfunction. Especially in chronic prostatitis, the dihydrotestosterone index decreases and estrogen saturation increases. The degree of hormonal imbalance in prostatitis depends on the characteristics and stage of the disease, which can only be determined by a specialist.

Prostatitis symptoms

Prostatitis symptoms

All obvious signs of prostatitis are a combination of various diseases. Moreover, each type of this disease has its own symptoms. Therefore, for example, acute prostatitis can be accompanied by fever, a sharp rise in body temperature and other symptoms of severe poisoning. And chronic-impaired ejaculation and decreased libido.

All symptoms of prostatitis can be divided into 3 separate categories:

  • Urinary system diseases;
  • Sexual function issues;
  • Mental disorders.

Urinary problems are a sign of prostatitis

All patient complaints related to urination may arise for the following reasons:

  • The stimulation of nerve endings, which occurs in the context of the inflammatory process;
  • The urethral cavity is narrow.

In this case, the symptoms of prostatitis may be:

  • Rapids;
  • Difficulty starting to urinate and being emptied by droplets;
  • I feel that the bladder is not completely empty;
  • Strong desire to urinate;
  • Urinary incontinence during urging;
  • Increased urination.

Pain syndrome

The pain and discomfort of prostatitis can be found in the lower abdomen. Pain may occur in the lower back, groin, scrotum or even anus. Similarly, patients may complain of pain in the groin after sitting for a long time. The pain may be severe or dull.

Illness in private life

Symptoms of prostatitis include intimate areas:

  • Decreased libido;
  • Ejaculation disorder (increased or decreased semen volume);
  • Weakened erection, complete or partial sexual dysfunction;
  • Pain during ejaculation.

In the signs of prostatitis, it is possible to distinguish between dim and dull orgasms, and the consistency of the sticky discharge from the urethra.

Psychological imbalance

Men often encounter psychological difficulties when facing genitourinary diseases. Due to problems with erections, pain, or rapid ejaculation, patients may withdraw, become aggressive towards others, or simply feel anxious and fearful. Stress can have a negative impact on the immune system, which greatly weakens the immune system.

Along with depression, there is a psychological experience, that is, the expectation of failure in intimate life. Doctors often talk about the importance of paying attention to the mental state of patients with chronic prostatitis.

Diagnosis of prostatitis

Diagnosis of prostatitis

Doctors prescribe a comprehensive diagnosis method for patients with urinary system problems. If prostatitis is suspected, perform laboratory tests, ultrasonography, and digital rectal examination. After prescribed treatment, if the symptoms of the disease do not disappear, the urologist can refer the patient to other diagnoses:

  • blood culture;
  • Computer or magnetic resonance imaging;
  • Bacteriological examination of semen.

Urology examination

The doctor’s urological examination is the first and important step. Without it, it is impossible to make a correct diagnosis. Through visual inspections and clinical examinations, experts will identify possible diseases and prescribe many other diagnostic procedures.

Digital gland examination is mandatory. The process is performed through the anus. In general, the test usually does not cause pain, although mild discomfort is usually present. During the urological examination, the doctor will consider the patient’s complaints, the patient’s age and the presence of chronic diseases.

Laboratory research

Here are a series of urology methods for male laboratory tests, including routine urine and blood tests for HIV, hepatitis C and B, and RW. Usually prescribed for patients with suspected inflammation of prostatitis:

  • Urine analysis can determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria;
  • Check gland secretions;
  • Blood tests for sexually transmitted infections and prostate specific antigens to rule out cancer.

Ultrasound examination of prostate, bladder and kidney

In the case of prostatitis, perform an ultrasound examination of the glands, bladder and kidneys for diagnosis. With this diagnosis, medical experts will be able to identify almost all pathological changes, including tumors and tissue inflammation. Ultrasound not only helps to assess organ conditions, but also helps to assess blood flow. If necessary, in order to better observe the organs, transrectal studies can be performed.

By performing an ultrasound scan of the prostate, doctors can assess the shape, size, structure, density and homogeneity of organs. The signs of prostatitis with ultrasound diagnosis are easy to recognize. In addition, based on the results of the study, adenomas and tumors including cancer can be detected.

In the case of prostatitis, for the completeness of the clinical image, the urologist prescribes ultrasound examination of the kidney and bladder. An effective diagnostic program can identify:

  • Cystic inclusions;
  • The presence of calcification;
  • Densification of tissue;
  • Irregular outline;
  • Organizational echo changes;
  • Organ size, extension and echo density.

Only a doctor can make a diagnosis based on ultrasound results. It is dangerous to draw a conclusion or prescribe by yourself, and may cause serious consequences.

Urinary flow meter

Urinary flow meter is a medical diagnosis. This method records the speed of urine during urination, which allows you to identify irregularities related to the patency of the passage, the activity of the muscle tissue and its tone. It is done on dedicated equipment-using graphics and digital images, the urine flow meter will sketch the results.

Prostatitis treatment

You can't take medicine by yourself

It is impossible to list the treatment of prostatitis as a specific list of operations and measures, because there are many types of the disease, and each disease requires its own separate treatment.

Folk remedies to treat prostatitis

Treatment of prostatitis at home can only be done after consultation with a doctor. A qualified medical expert will prescribe medications and possibly perform physical therapy and treatment. Traditional medicine recipes can also be recommended, but they should not be used as the main treatment.

Prostatitis should be treated carefully at home, and all doctor’s recommendations should be considered. The urologist may recommend infusions of herbs and decoctions, candles, honey and syrup. It is important to know that any alternative medicine formulation has its own contraindications. Do not self-medicate and buy problematic items, including massagers, bracelets, prostatitis plasters, special underwear or pillows. Unreasonable purchase and use of drugs without the guidance of a doctor may lead to fatal errors, which may lead to the emergence of other diseases or the deterioration of the patient's condition.

Home herbal medicine treatment of prostatitis

Herbs for prostatitis can help relieve the uncomfortable symptoms of glandular inflammation. It is used as an adjunct to medical (drug) treatment. If necessary, the urologist will prescribe useful prescriptions based on the patient's condition, age and the presence of chronic diseases.

Home treatment of prostatitis requires taking your own health seriously. You can prepare a bath or enema based on herbal preparations at home, but the doctor should explain its ingredients, preparation method and dosage. In this case, it is usually recommended to use: cumin, herbal chamomile flowers, marsh creeper, sage, corn silk, Ivan tea, marshmallow root, licorice rhizome and linden inflorescence.

is ​​also very popular:

  • parsley. It has a strengthening effect on blood vessels and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Seeds are particularly useful. They are added to various alternative medicine formulations in crushed form.
  • Ginseng. The roots of this plant increase the tone of blood vessels. There is a stimulating effect.
  • St. John's Wort. The plant has antibacterial and soothing effects. For the prevention and treatment of depression, such as depression that may occur in the context of erectile dysfunction, this herb is essential.

If all medical prescriptions are followed, certain traditional medicine recipes can enhance the therapeutic effect.

sham therapy

The fake therapy for treating prostatitis at home has caused many questions among experts around the world. The treatment with medicinal water ches specially grown in biological factories is curative to some extent, and the saliva of fig worms also has healing properties. It contains several useful active substances, among which water rud is worthy of emphasis. For prostatitis, water ches are applied to the skin above the pubic bone, groin and anus. There are nuances to this treatment, the doctor will tell you. Self-medication is dangerous.

Under what circumstances can't treat prostatitis at home?

There are many shocking symptoms in acute or chronic prostatitis, and it is important to urgently seek the help of the doctor in charge:

  • Severe pain in the lower abdomen;
  • Discharge blood when urinating; Blood in stool;
  • Increased body temperature, dizziness, chills, and vomiting.

It is very important to treat prostatitis at home under the strict supervision of a urologist. You must discuss with your doctor before using any medicine or alternative medicine prescription. Do not take your own medicine on the advice of a friend or pharmacist in the pharmacy. You risk harming your body and trigger many negative reactions.

Using folk remedies to treat prostatitis without consulting an expert may lead to failure. Pay attention to your health.

Treatment of male prostatitis: drugs

Treatment of prostatitis

How should male prostatitis be treated and what kind of medicine does the doctor prescribe? Generally, the treatment for acute and chronic prostatitis includes antibiotics. It is recommended to select such drugs based on the culture, which determines the sensitivity to specific antibiotics.

Remedies for prostatitis: antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs

The treatment of prostatitis can only be prescribed by a doctor based on the patient's diagnosis (including the answer in laboratory text). It is important to know that β-lactam and nitrofuran prostatitis drugs are not effective because they cannot penetrate into the prostate tissue. There is no need to expect good results of this prostatitis treatment.

Currently, fluoroquinolones and macrolides have achieved the best results in the treatment of male prostatitis. In order to eliminate symptoms related to urinary disorders, urologists may prescribe treatment of prostatitis in the form of alpha-blockers and use anti-inflammatory drugs. Herbal medicines, hormonal medicines and immune correcting medicines are very popular.

Traditional medicine for male prostatitis can be supplemented by physical therapy. In the absence of symptoms of an acute form of disease, this treatment technique is used as a treatment for prostatitis.

Prostatitis patch

Nowadays, men with prostatitis often hear about prostatitis. Manufacturers of suspicious products provide quality prevention or quick recovery functions.

This treatment cannot be called a prostatitis treatment with folk remedies. It has nothing to do with alternative medicine, but no qualified doctor applies it in practice. There is no evidence for prostatitis patches. Neither doctors nor real customer reviews have confirmed the effectiveness of China Universal Patch for prostatitis.

Prostatitis suppositories

Prostatitis suppositories are usually combined with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Rectal suppositories can eliminate the cause of prostatitis, have a healing effect, and reduce tissue inflammation. Suppositories for prostatitis are similar in principle to microcells. Only suppositories are composed of oil, and enema is mainly water.

Coconut oil is usually the basis of prostatitis suppositories. It is this ingredient that promotes the almost instantaneous absorption of the medicinal substance into the intestinal wall. In addition, prostatitis suppositories usually contain vitamins.

Physical therapy as a supplementary medicine for prostatitis


If we consider all complex prostatitis treatments for men, then medicine is the main part of the treatment. Physical therapy is another way to help treat male prostatitis. Prescribe procedures for prostatitis without acute symptoms.

If you do not know how to use physical therapy to treat male prostatitis and how to treat male prostatitis, you should pay attention to the most common diseases:

  • Drug electrophoresis;
  • UHF treatment (electric field treatment using capacitor plates);
  • Magnetic therapy (the therapeutic effect of a magnetic field on the patient's body);
  • Mud therapy;
  • Microcells containing herbal infusions and soups (this physical therapy is the treatment of chronic acute prostatitis through folk remedies);
  • Common baths and local baths with different fluid and temperature conditions;
  • Galvanized (exposed to direct current under low pressure of the human body).

How to treat prostatitis, gland massage

A popular method of treating prostatitis-today's massage (according to the results of multiple studies) has no evidence that it is effective. If a person has prostatitis, massage can be used to stimulate the discharge of prostate secretions. Only under the guidance of medical institutions, with the help of fingers to perform this operation through the anus.

If you suffer from prostatitis, it is strictly forbidden to use adenomas and gland cysts, anal fissures, retention of urine and elevated body temperature for massage. Acute infection processes in the bladder or kidneys are also contraindications.