Prostatitis: main symptoms, causes and main treatment directions

Prostatitis is characterized by a complex inflammatory process in the prostate. People at risk include sedentary people over 40 years old. The first symptoms of the acute form are purulent urine, severe pain syndrome, and an increase in body temperature of 40 degrees. The risk of chronic prostatitis is no less than acute risk, but its development trend is more hidden. Its danger lies in irreversible diseases related to sexual activity.

The course of prostatitis

Due to a sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition leads to hypothermia, and men begin to experience symptoms of prostatitis.

The course of the disease can be characterized by one of two forms:

  1. Acute prostatitis-It is determined by purulent secretions in the urine. The specific cause is related to the pathogenic flora. Treatment without antibiotics is ineffective.
  2. Chronic-Development due to improper or ineffective treatment. The symptoms are not as obvious as the acute course.

During the remission period, the pathological symptoms usually disappear completely. The exacerbation of chronic prostatitis does not bother patients as obviously as the primary acute form. In most cases, due to insufficient blood circulation in the pelvic organs, a sedentary lifestyle in the context of a long-term disease is diagnosed as the stagnation of the disease.

Doctors divide the main symptoms of prostatitis into three categories:

  • Abnormal urinary system function, manifested as urine excretion disorder;
  • Sexual diseases of enlarged prostate;
  • The development of neuropathology.

Inflammation of the prostate causes a decrease in the production of special secrets that support sperm motility. Generally, their resistance to adverse reactions is reduced, and the chance of a successfully fertilized female egg is close to minimal.

According to medical statistics, this disease affects not only the elderly but also the young. The risk population consists of people over 40 years old with strong sexual ability. The doctor emphasized that the main focus should be on preventing the development of small pelvic lesions and preventive measures.

Pictures with symptoms

The symptoms of prostatitis are mainly pain syndrome. The discomfort of acute inflammation can be characterized by stab wounds, cuts or pain. They can cause performance degradation and sleep disturbance. The first stage of prostate enlargement can be determined by the pain in the pelvic area. In some patients, it develops during urination and defecation. During erection and ejaculation, pain increases.

Due to the mechanical action on the catheter wall, pain is almost always related to exercise.

Urinary flow problems plague almost all patients, and they occur in any form. Appears:

  • False desire to urinate;
  • The feeling of incomplete bladder emptying.

A person may have to work hard to urinate and the jet is sluggish and intermittent. Acute inflammation causes frequent urination.

In addition to the symptoms of prostatitis listed in the acute development of the disease, the following is also displayed:

  • Muscle and joint pain;
  • Body temperature rises to 40 degrees;
  • Fever, chills;
  • The feeling of swelling in the groin area;
  • Excreted from the urethra;
  • Burning urine and cramping;
  • There are blood and pus in the urine.
Complications of chronic prostatitis may be male infertility, scarring and stricture of urethral tissue, complicated kidney damage, and sepsis. Inflammation of the testicles, epididymis and seminal ducts. The running process causes the prostate to become suppurative, which requires immediate surgical intervention. Surgical treatment that cannot be failed requires bladder obstruction, accompanied by acute urine retention.

Inducing factors

The main causes of prostatitis can be summarized in the following list:

  1. Sexually transmitted infections. Trichomonas, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus can cause damage to the urethra and prostate tissue.
  2. Sedentary and sedentary lifestyle contribute to the development of pelvic organ stagnation and inflammatory processes.
  3. Lymphatic circulation and blood circulation are interrupted.
  4. Continuous interruption of sexual intercourse or artificial increase in sex, long-term abstinence can lead to prostate dysfunction.
  5. Frequent mental stress, excessive physical exertion, and stressful conditions can also affect men’s health and lead to the development of prostatitis.
  6. Hypothermia, frequent colds, and reduced immunity are the causes of inflammation in the reproductive organs.
  7. Hormonal imbalance.


It is impossible to eliminate the pathological signs of acute or chronic prostatitis in a short time.

When choosing certain treatments, it is important to determine the type and form of the disease through diagnostic studies.


Methods of treating male prostatitis

Antibiotics should be used to diagnose bacterial prostatitis. If the inflammatory process is not caused by infection, then this treatment is meaningless. After determining the microorganisms that cause bacterial damage to the prostate, the attending physician selects specific antibiotics.

In most cases, the medication should be taken for at least 7 days. Alpha blockers and antispasmodics help relieve pain syndrome. The systemic intake of these drugs helps relax the muscles of the bladder and prostate itself. This improves urine flow and reduces overall clinical manifestations.

For men with particularly severe pathology, intravenous fluids and diuretics are recommended. This improves the flow of urine. In addition, in this way, the poisoning process in the body can be stopped.

Non-bacterial prostatitis is treated with antipyretic, analgesic, and anticholinergic drugs. In case of constipation, it is necessary to use vaseline-based laxatives and candles.

Supportive treatment

The important stage of adjuvant therapy in drug therapy is:

  • Rest in bed;
  • Take a complete rest;
  • Drink plenty of liquids, at least 2 liters a day;
  • Sit bath.

A temporary suprapubic fistula was opened during acute retention of urine. Another method is to perform bladder catheterization regularly. Doctors will prescribe such treatments only when the medication is ineffective. During treatment, cycling and sitting on hard surfaces for long periods of time, patients should not forget the contraindications of body hypothermia.

Prostate massage for prostatitis

Perform prostate massage from the first day of prostate diagnosis. This method helps reduce the pressure on the enlarged glands on the urethra, thereby improving urination and reducing induration.

Following a diet that excludes spicy and fatty foods, alcohol and carbonated beverages can restore your general health to normal.


If the medication is not effective for the treatment of prostatitis, surgery is required. In special cases, urine is blocked due to stagnant flow. Surgery is also essential here. The contraindication to surgery is the patient's reproductive age. In young people, surgery can lead to infertility.

Transurethral resection of the prostate is the surgical removal of all inflamed tissue. Prostatectomy is performed to completely remove the prostate, adjacent tissues and seminal vesicles. The negative consequences of this intervention are urinary incontinence and impotence. This type of medical service is necessary for the malignant nature of the pathology. It enables you to completely get rid of the inflammatory process in the prostate.

Prostatitis is considered to be a complex and insidious disease with chronic chronic remission. It is not always completely cured, so eliminating the main symptoms is a task that every attending physician is trying to perform. How long it will take before they completely disappear is uncertain. In most cases, the urologist will give comforting predictions.

Alternative Therapy

In the treatment of diseases, not only medical methods are used, but also folk remedies are used.

The bee is dead

The preparation method of alcohol tincture is 2 teaspoons. Pods and 200ml of alcohol or vodka. Take 3 times a day, 40-60 drops each time, depending on the weight of the patient. Course therapy -25 days. The composition of bee insects contains unique ingredients that have a therapeutic effect on male reproductive system problems.

Add 2 teaspoons of broth. Honey, a teaspoon of podmora in 1 cup of hot water, simmer for 10 minutes. Then must insist on remedy for about 3-4 hours. The usage is shown as 2 tablespoons. l. Twice a day before meals. The best treatment period for using this therapy is 1 month. Then, you need to rest for 7-10 days, if there is no improvement, please resume treatment.

Pumpkin seeds

Before use, pumpkin seeds should be ground in a coffee grinder. Take 2 tablespoons per day. l. Rinse with a glass of water diluted with 2 teaspoons. Natural honey.

You can add fresh parsley juice to a few drops of honey.


The raw materials are mixed in equal proportions (10 grams each):

  • Licorice Root;
  • The leaves of berries, chestnuts, knotweed and castor oil plants.

To enhance the effect, you can add 15 grams of dandelion, comfrey and beans. You need to prepare a tablespoon of fresh decoction every day. l. Mix plant materials and 0. 5 liters of water. Cook for 10 minutes, then cook for another half an hour. Drink 4 doses immediately before meals. The course lasts for 30 days.


The symptoms in the clinical manifestations of prostatitis contribute to the formation of inferiority complex. This can cause men to feel nervous and depressed. Many patients are characterized by irritability and prone to conflict. Aggressive behavior interferes with normal communication.

In most cases, you should seek the help of an experienced psychologist. After all, disorders in the sexual field not only have a great negative impact on a person’s emotions, but also have a great negative impact on his life. Therefore, psychological rehabilitation is as important as drug therapy.

Doctors recommend avoiding hypothermia and overwork. An effective way to prevent prostatitis is to maintain an active sex life with your partner. Prolonged fasting and incomplete ejaculation are contraindicated. From the age of 40, you must limit the use of alcoholic beverages and stop smoking. The main focus should be on moderate exercise and vitamin therapy.